Daily Boosting Rosemary Mint Tea™

£7.00

Sip your way to daily delight with T’n’T Teas’® Daily Boosting Mint Rosemary™ herbal tea! Infused with peppermint, nettle, rosemary, and hawthorn, it’s your happy cup of vitality. A blend that perks up your senses, cheers your heart and sharpens your focus. Elevate your daily ritual and conquer the day with a smile!

Description

Elevate your daily routine with T’n’T Teas’® Daily Boosting Mint Rosemary™ tea. It’s the blend that refreshes your senses and supports well-being. Sip, smile, and embrace the invigorating twist!

The Daily Boosting Mint Rosemary™ tea – where it meets in a refreshing dance of flavours. This blend brings together the dynamic quartet of peppermint, nettle, hawthorn, and rosemary to create a truly invigorating experience.

The journey begins with a minty embrace of peppermint, like a cool hug from a friend. Nettle follows, adding a touch of earthiness and vibrancy, keeping things exciting. Hawthorn brings a hint of sweetness, like a well-deserved reward, while rosemary adds depth and complexity, like the unexpected twist in a great novel.

The star of the show, peppermint, is your ticket to a refreshing minty blast, like a brisk breeze on a sunny day. This is then combined with Nettle – a vibrant herb that adds a boost of vitamins and minerals, ensuring you’re ready to take on the day. The heart of this blend, hawthorn, supports your cardiovascular health, like a caring friend that keeps your heart happy. Completing the quartet, rosemary adds a touch of herbal complexity, enhancing mental clarity and focus.

Please use the button below to download the Wellbeing Factsheet that provides you with the benefits, side effects, contradictions and clinical/traditional evidence.

Factsheet button

Disclaimer

This information is provided for educational and informational purposes. It is not provided to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. Legally, we are unable to make these claims directly, but we urge you to review the clinical references we list on this site and conduct your own research. These products are intended for dietary supplement purposes only. Whilst we are professional herbalists, and every care has been taken to provide accurate and up-to-date information, as a consumer, you should always consult your healthcare professional before consumption, especially if you are pregnant, nursing, have a medical condition or are taking medications. We do offer free personal consultations for solutions specific to your needs.

This is a great refreshing and boosting drink to set you up for your day. (We also have a light caffeine version – the Daily Boosting Mate Mint Tea™).

Additional information

Weight 50 g

Wellbeing/Side Effects

This blend is more than just a flavourful sip; it’s a healthy hug. Peppermint supports digestion and reduces stress, while nettle provides vitamins and minerals. Hawthorn is known for its heart-healthy properties, and rosemary enhances mental clarity and focus.

For legal reasons, we are not able to provide you with any medicinal benefits from this tea. To find out more about how this blend can benefit you, please contact us for a free, private consultation.

The Daily Boosting Rosemary Mint Tea™ is a 100% natural product, it does not contain allergens or impurities, and it does not contain added flavours, so its consumption should not cause unpleasant stomach upsets.

T’n’T Teas® Daily Boosting Rosemary Mint Tea™ is a certified, premium quality professionally mixed product, made with the highest quality, medicinal natural herbs from around the world. We pay special attention to the purity of the plants, so we only buy the certified raw materials for our products from reliable, controlled sources, so we can ensure that we minimise contact with foreign substances during storage, transportation, and production.

CAUTION: Herbs have medicinal properties and can promote the body’s physical and mental self-healing and harmonising process, but they cannot replace medical examination, care and possible treatment – so if you are on medication from your doctor, please check that they are happy for you to drink the tea. If you feel any discomfort, stop and only restart slowly if you are comfortable doing so (it might not be the herbal tea that causes the discomfort!). For pregnant or breastfeeding women or children under the age of 12 years old,  please exercise extra caution. Not suitable for children under 6 years as peppermint could cause airway irritation, dyspnoea, potentially respiratory failure, in children under 6 years old.

For a detailed description, please look at the individual ingredients.

Profile

Colour: A lively, green infusion that’s like a walk in a minty garden.

Aroma: It’s a playful minty symphony with a hint of herbal intrigue, like a secret garden filled with freshness.

Initial taste: The first sip is like a minty kiss that awakens your senses, setting the stage for a vibrant experience.

Midtones: Nettle and hawthorn add a harmonious earthiness, like a serene meadow, while rosemary provides a dash of herbal complexity.

Aftertaste: A hint of sweetness lingers, like a fond farewell after a delightful chat.

Body: It’s a light and refreshing dance on your palate, like a gentle breeze on a warm day.

Caffeine content: This tea blend is caffeine-free, ensuring a calming sip without any jitters.

Ingredients

Peppermint | Nettle | Rosemary | Hawthorn

Cruelty-free and vegan product logoWe cannot provide all the beneficial characteristics of each ingredient for legal reasons, but if you want a more detailed description of the possible benefits and side effects of each herb, please click on the name of the ingredient – this will take you to our parent company page and a full description (opens a new window).

This tea contains 100% natural products without allergens or impurities, and no added flavours or colourants, so its consumption should not cause any unpleasant stomach upsets. Please refer to possible side effects in the next tab.

Shake well before use.

GMO-Free. Suitable for vegans.

Hand-blended & prepared in Shropshire, England.

Certified Origins

Egyptian flag denoting that one or more ingredients was ethically sourced from Egypt. Hungarian flag denoting that one or more ingredients are ethically sourced from Hungary. Serbian flag denoting that one or more ingredients was ethically sourced from Serbia.

Preparation

Take a time-out: Take a moment for yourself, it’s tea time! Grab your favourite cup or teapot, and let’s begin the ritual.

Minty magic mix: Scoop a teaspoon of our Daily Boosting Mint Rosemary™ tea blend. The four ingredients will be ready to dance: peppermint, nettle, hawthorn, and rosemary.

H2O harmony: Heat fresh, cold water to about 96°C (205°F). Your’re creating a symphony here!

Steeping serenade: Pour the hot water over the tea leaves, like a curtain lifting on a grand performance.

Apply the lid of anticipation: Cover your cup or teapot with a lid while the herbs and spices create their magical melody. Let them steep for 10-15 minutes.

A touch of magic: If you like to add to the flavour, add a dash of honey or a slice of lemon. It’s your personal touch to the performance.

Strain and sip: The show’s about to begin! Strain the tea blend, and take your front-row seat.

Sip and smile: Hold your cup close and sip the minty and earthy flavours. It’s like enjoying a refreshing conversation with old friends.

Encores are welcome: The magic doesn’t have to end after one act. There is enougfh flavour to steep another round if the mood takes you.

Backstage bliss: Store your tea blend in a cool, dry place, ready for the next encore.

Get ready to sip and savour the playful yet professional flavours of T’n’T Teas’® Daily Boosting Mint Rosemary™ tea. Let the minty magic begin!

For maximum benefits, do not use a metal filter or spoon.

The Daily Boosting Rosemary Mint Tea™ is a natural, healthy alternative to coffee or energy drinks, we recommend a daily dose of 1-2 mugs a day.

It is best served fresh because a hot drink in itself has a beneficial effect on your body and your mood. It’s worth taking the time to drink tea, at least for the first tea in the morning, where you can relax a little, sip slowly, think about your daily tasks, and let the tea make an impact.

By the time you drink tea in 5-10 minutes, the heat and energy will completely permeate your body, soul and mind in a fresh, energetic way, with orderly thoughts and great momentum.

If you do not have the opportunity to make tea while working, feel free to bring tea from home in a flask or tea bottle, the Daily Boosting Rosemary Mint Tea™ can also be prepared in reusable tea bags to save some time.

Clinical References

Clinical evidence of the ingredients found in this product. These are public domain references and do not relate directly to our product.

Hawthorn

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  • Dalli, E., Valles, J., Cosin-Sales, J., Santos, M. T., Moscardo, A., Milara, J., and Sotillo, J. F. Effects of hawthorn (Crataegus laevigata) on platelet aggregation in healthy volunteers. Thromb.Res 2011;128(4):398-400.
  • Daniele C, Mazzanti G, Pittler MH, et al. Adverse-event profile of Crataegus spp.: a systematic review. Drug Saf 2006;29:523-35.
  • Degenring FH, Suter A, Weber M, Saller R. A randomised double blind placebo controlled clinical trial of a standardised extract of fresh Crataegus berries (Crataegisan) in the treatment of patients with congestive heart failure NYHA II. Phytomedicine 2003;10:363-9.
  • Eichstadt, H., Stork, T., Mockel, M., and et al. Effectiveness of and tolerance to Crataegus extract WS 1442 in patients with heart insufficiency and reduced left ventricular function. Perfusion 2001;14:212-217.
  • Erfurt L, Schandry R, Rubenbauer S, Braun U. The effects of repeated administration of camphor-crataegus berry extract combination on blood pressure and on attentional performance- a randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind study. Phytomedicine. 2014;21(11):1349-55.
  • Forster A, Forster K, Buhring M, and et al. Crataegus bei massig reduzierter linksventrikularer Auswurffraktion. Ergospirometrische Verlaufsuntersuchung bei 72 Patienten in doppel-blindem Vergleich mit Plazebo. [Crataegus for moderately reduced left ventricular ejection fraction. Ergospirometric monitoring study with 72 patients in a double-blind comparison with placebo]. Munch Med Wschr 1994;136(suppl 1):s21-s26.
  • Forster A, Forster K, Buhring M, et al. Crataegus bei massig reduzierter linksventrikularer Auswurffraktion. Ergospirometrische Verlaufsuntersuchung bei 72 Patienten in doppel-blindem Vergleich mit Plazebo. [Crataegus for moderately reduced left ventricular ejection fraction. Ergospirometric monitoring study with 72 patients in a double-blind comparison with placebo]. Munch Med Wschr 1994;136:s21-s26.
  • Furey, A. and Tassell, M. Towards a systematic scientific approach in the assessment of efficacy of an herbal preparation: Hawthorn (Crataegus spp.). Eur J Heart Fail. 2008;10(12):1153-1157.
  • Hanack T and Bruckel MH. [The treatment of mild stable forms of angina pectoris using Crategutt novo]. Therapiewoche 1983;33:4331-4333.
  • Hanus M, Lafon J, Mathieu M. Double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of a fixed combination containing two plant extracts (Crataegus oxyacantha and Eschscholtzia californica) and magnesium in mild-to-moderate anxiety disorders. Curr Med Res Opin 2004;20:63-71.
  • Hempel, B., Kroll, M., and Schneider, B. [Efficacy and safety of a herbal drug containing hawthorn berries and D-camphor in hypotension and orthostatic circulatory disorders/results of a retrospective epidemiologic cohort study]. Arzneimittelforschung 2005;55(8):443-450.
  • Holubarsch CJ, Colucci WS, Meinertz T, et al. The efficacy and safety of Crataegus extract WS 1442 in patients with heart failure: the SPICE trial. Eur J Heart Fail 2008;10:1255-63.
  • Holubarsch, C. J., Colucci, W. S., Meinertz, T., Gaus, W., and Tendera, M. Survival and prognosis: investigation of Crataegus extract WS 1442 in congestive heart failure (SPICE)–rationale, study design and study protocol. Eur J Heart Fail. 2000;2(4):431-437.
  • Horoz, M., Gok, E., Genctoy, G., Ozcan, T., Olmaz, R., Akca, M., Kiykim, A., and Gurses, I. Crataegus orientalis associated multiorgan hypersensitivity reaction and acute renal failure. Intern.Med 2008;47(23):2039-2042.
  • Islam, J., Uretsky, B. F., and Sierpina, V. S. Heart failure improvement with CoQ10, Hawthorn, and magnesium in a patient scheduled for cardiac resynchronization-defibrillator therapy: a case study. Explore.(NY) 2006;2(4):339-341.
  • Iwamoto M, Sato T, Ishizaki T. [The clinical effect of Crataegus in heart disease of ischemic or hypertensive origin. A multicenter double-blind study]. Planta Med 1981;42:1-16.
  • Jouad H, Lemhadri A, Maghrani M, et al. Hawthorn evokes a potent anti-hyperglycemic capacity in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. Journal of Herbal Pharmacotherapy 2003;3:19-29.
  • Koller, M., Lorenz, W., Aubke, W., Jensen, A., Gerlach, F. M., Kuhl, J., Pfeil, T., Regitz-Zagrosek, V., Rusche, H., and Rychlik, R. [Crataegus special extract WS 1442 in the treatment of early stages of CHD-associated heart failure]. MMW Fortschr Med 2-9-2006;148(6):42.
  • Kroll, M., Ring, C., Gaus, W., and Hempel, B. A randomized trial of Korodin Herz-Kreislauf-Tropfen as add-on treatment in older patients with orthostatic hypotension. Phytomedicine 2005;12(6-7):395-402.
  • Leuchtgens H. [Crataegus Special Extract WS 1442 in NYHA II heart failure. A placebo controlled randomized double-blind study]. Fortschr Med 1993;111:352-4.
  • Liu S, You L, Zhao Y, Chang X. Hawthorn Polyphenol Extract Inhibits UVB-Induced Skin Photoaging by Regulating MMP Expression and Type I Procollagen Production in Mice. J Agric Food Chem. 2018;66(32):8537-8546.
  • Liu, P., Konstam, M. A., and Force, T. Highlights of the 2004 scientific sessions of the Heart Failure Society of America, Toronto, Canada, September 12 to 15, 2004. Journal of the American College of Cardiology 2005;45(617):625.
  • Loew D, Albrecht M, and Podzuweit H. Efficacy and tolerability of a Hawthorn preparation in patients with heart failure Stage I and II according to NYHA – a surveillance study. Phytomedicine 1996;3(Suppl 1):92.
  • Maek-a-nantawat W, Phonrat B, Dhitavat J, et al. Safety and efficacy of CKBM-A01, a Chinese herbal medicine, among asymptomatic HIV patients. Southeast Asian J Trop.Med Public Health 2009;40:494-501.
  • Mahmood, Z. A., Sualeh, M., Mahmood, S. B., and Karim, M. A. Herbal treatment for cardiovascular disease the evidence based therapy. Pak J Pharm Sci 2010;23(1):119-124.
  • Min, B. S., Kim, Y. H., Lee, S. M., Jung, H. J., Lee, J. S., Na, M. K., Lee, C. O., Lee, J. P., and Bae, K. Cytotoxic triterpenes from Crataegus pinnatifida. Arch Pharm Res 2000;23(2):155-158.
  • Moon, H. I., Kim, T. I., Cho, H. S., and Kim, E. K. Identification of potential and selective collagenase, gelatinase inhibitors from Crataegus pinnatifida. Bioorg.Med Chem Lett. 2-1-2010;20(3):991-993.
  • Niederseer D, Ledl-Kurkowski E, Kvita K, Funk P, Niebauer J. Safety and effects of Crataegus extract WS 1442 and Nordic walking on lipid profile and endothelial function: A randomized, partially blinded pilot study in overweight volunteers. Acta Clin Croat. 2019;58(4):604-614.
  • O’Conolly M, Bernhoft G, and Bartsch G. [Treatment of stenocardia (Angina pectoris) pain in advanced age patients with multi-morbidity]. Therapiewoche 1987;37:3587-3600.
  • O’Conolly M, Jansen W, Bernhoft G, and et al. [Treatment of decreasing cardiac performance. Therapy using standardized crataegus extract in advanced age]. Fortschr Med 11-13-1986;104(42):805-808.
  • Pahlavan S, Tousi MS, Ayyari M, et al. Effects of hawthorn ( Crataegus pentagyna) leaf extract on electrophysiologic properties of cardiomyocytes derived from human cardiac arrhythmia-specific induced pluripotent stem cells. FASEB J. 2018 Mar;32(3):1440-1451.
  • Pittler MH, Guo R, and Ernst E. Hawthorn extract for treating chronic heart failure. Cochrane.Database.Syst Rev 2008:CD005312.
  • Pittler MH, Schmidt K, Ernst E. Hawthorn extract for treating chronic heart failure: meta-analysis of randomized trials. Am J Med 2003;114:665-74.
  • Rababa’h AM, Altarabsheh SE, Haddad O, Deo SV, Obeidat Y, Al-Azzam S. Hawthorn Herb Increases the Risk of Bleeding after Cardiac Surgery: An Evidence-Based Approach. Heart Surg Forum 2016;19(4):E175-9.
  • Rakotoarison DA, Gressier B, Trotin F, and et al. Antioxidant activities of polyphenolic extracts from flowers, in vitro callus and cell suspension cultures of Crataegus monogyna. Pharmazie 1997;52(1):60-64.
  • Rasmussen, P. Hawthorn–Crataegus monogyna (common hawthorn) or Crataegus laevigata (midland hawthorn; Crataegus oxyacantha); also known as haw, thornapple, maythorn, whitethorn. J Prim.Health Care 2011;3(1):63-64.
  • Raudonis, R., Jakstas, V., Burdulis, D., Benetis, R., and Janulis, V. Investigation of contribution of individual constituents to antioxidant activity in herbal drugs using postcolumn HPLC method. Medicina (Kaunas.) 2009;45(5):382-394.
  • Rechcinski, T. and Kurpesa, M. [Oligomeric procyanidins from hawthorn extract as supplementary therapy in patients with left ventricle systolic dysfunction]. Przegl.Lek. 2005;62(4):243-244.
  • Rogers KL, Grice ID, Griffiths LR. Inhibition of platelet aggregation and 5-HT release by extracts of Australian plants used traditionally as headache treatments. Eur J Pharm Sci 2000;9(4):355-63.
  • Rogov VD. [Toxiderma due to the fruits of the hawthorn]. Vestn Dermatol Venerol 1984;7(7):46-47.
  • Saenz MT, Ahumada MC, and Garcia MD. Extracts from Viscum and Crataegus are cytotoxic against larynx cancer cells. Z Naturforsch 1997;52c:42-44.
  • Schmidt U, Kuhn U, Ploch M, and et al. Efficacy of hawthorn (crataegus) preparation LI 132 in 78 patients with chronic congestive heart failure defined as NYHA functional class II. Phytomedicine 1994;1:17-24.
  • Schmidt U, Kuhn U, Ploch M, and et al. Efficacy of the hawthorn extract LI 132 (600mg/d) during eight weeks’ treatment. Placebo-controlled double-blind trial with 78 NYHA stage II heart failure patients. Munch Med Wochenschr 1994;136(suppl 1):s13-s19.
  • Schmidt U, Kuhn U, Ploch M, Hubner WD. Efficacy of the Hawthorne (Crataegus) Preparation LI 132 in 78 patients with chronic congestive heart failure defined as NYHA functional class II. Phytomedicine 1994;1:17-24.
  • Schmidt, U., Albrecht, M., and Schmidt, S. [Effects of an herbal crataegus-camphor combination on the symptoms of cardiovascular diseases]. Arzneimittelforschung 2000;50(7):613-619.
  • Schroder, D., Weiser, M., and Klein, P. Efficacy of a homeopathic Crataegus preparation compared with usual therapy for mild (NYHA II) cardiac insufficiency: results of an observational cohort study. Eur.J.Heart Fail. 2003;5(3):319-326.
  • Schwinger RH, Pietsch M, Frank K, Brixius K. Crataegus special extract WS 1442 increases force of contraction in human myocardium cAMP-independently. J Cardiovasc Pharmacol 2000;35:700-7.
  • Shatoor AS, Soliman H, Al-Hashem F, Gamal BE, Othman A, El-Menshaw N. Effect of hawthorn (Crataegus aronia syn. Azarolus (L)) on platelet function in albino wistar rats. Thromb Res 2012;130(1):75-80.
  • Shi KQ, Fan YC, Liu WY, et al. Traditional Chinese medicines benefit to nonalcoholic fatty liver disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Mol.Biol Rep. 2012;39:9715-22.
  • Tankanow R, Tamer HR, Streetman DS, et al. Interaction study between digoxin and a preparation of hawthorn (Crataegus oxyacantha). J.Clin.Pharmacol. 2003;43:637-42.
  • Tauchert M, Ploch M, and Hubner WD. Effectiveness of hawthorn extract LI 132 compared with the ACE inhibitor Captopril: Multicenter double-blind study with 132 NYHA Stage II. Munch Med Wochenschr 1994;136(suppl. 1):S27-S33.
  • Tauchert M, Ploch M, and Hubner WD. Effectiveness of hawthorn extract LI 132 compared with the ACE inhibitor Captopril: Multicenter double-blind study with 132 NYHA Stage II. Munch Med Wochenschr 1994;136:S27-S33.
  • Tauchert M. Efficacy and safety of crataegus extract WS 1442 in comparison with placebo in patients with chronic stable New York Heart Association class-III heart failure. Am Heart J 2002;143:910-5.
  • Tauchert, M., Gildor, A., and Lipinski, J. [High-dose Crataegus extract WS 1442 in the treatment of NYHA stage II heart failure]. Herz 1999;24(6):465-474.
  • Trexler SE, Nguyen E, Gromek SM, Balunas MJ, Baker WL. Electrocardiographic effects of hawthorn (Crataegus oxyacantha) in healthy volunteers: A randomized controlled trial. Phytother Res. 2018;32(8):1642-1646.
  • Ventura P, Girola M, and Lattuada V. [Clinical evaluation and tolerability of a drug with garlic and hawthorn]. Acta Toxicol Ther 1990;11(4):365-372.
  • Vibes J, Lasserre B, Gleye J, Declume C. Inhibition of thromboxane A2 biosynthesis in vitro by the main components of Crataegus oxyacantha (hawthorn) flower heads. Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids 1994;50(4):173-5.
  • Von Eiff M, Brunner H, Haegeli A, and et al. Hawthorn/passion flower extract and improvement in physical exercise capacity of patients with dyspnoea class II of the NYHA functional classification. Acta Therapeutica 1994;20:47-66.
  • Von Holubarsch, CJ, Niestroj M, Wassmer A, et al. [Hawthorn extract WS 1442 in the treatment of patients with heart failure and LVEF of 25%-35%]. MMW.Fortschr.Med 7-1-2010;152:56-61.
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  • Wu M, Yang S, Liu G, et al. Treating unstable angina with detoxifying and blood-activating formulae: a randomized controlled trial. J Ethnopharmacol 2021;281:114530.
  • Zand J, Lanza F, Garg HK, Bryan NS. All-natural nitrite and nitrate containing dietary supplement promotes nitric oxide production and reduces triglycerides in humans. Nutr Res 2011;31(4):262-9.
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  • Zick, S. M., Gillespie, B., Aaronson, K. D. The effect of Crataegus oxycantha Special Extract WS 1442 on clinical progression in patients with mild to moderate symptoms of heart failure. Eur J Heart Fail 2008;10:587-93.
  • Zick, S. M., Vautaw, B. M., Gillespie, B., Aaronson, K. D. Hawthorn Extract Randomized Blinded Chronic Heart Failure (HERB CHF) trial. Eur J Heart Fail. 2009;11:990-99.
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Nettle

  • Anon. Quercetin. Alt Med Rev 1998;3:140-3.
  • Bakhshaee M, Mohammadpour AH, Esmaeili M, et al. Efficacy of a supportive therapy of allergic rhinitis by stinging nettle (Urtica dioica) root extract: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial. IJPR 2017;16(Special Issue):112-118.
  • Balzarini, J., Neyts, J., Schols, D., Hosoya, M., Van Damme, E., Peumans, W., and De Clercq, E. The mannose-specific plant lectins from Cymbidium hybrid and Epipactis helleborine and the (N-acetylglucosamine)n-specific plant lectin from Urtica dioica are potent and selective inhibitors of human immunodeficiency virus and cytomegalovirus replication in vitro. Antiviral Res 1992;18(2):191-207.
  • Baykul, T., Alanoglu, E. G., and Kocer, G. Use of Ankaferd Blood Stopper as a hemostatic agent: a clinical experience. J Contemp Dent Pract 2010;11(1):E088-E094.
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  • Beyazit, Y., Kurt, M., Kekilli, M., Goker, H., and Haznedaroglu, I. C. Evaluation of hemostatic effects of Ankaferd as an alternative medicine. Altern.Med.Rev. 2010;15(4):329-336.
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  • Chrubasik S, Enderlein W, Bauer R, and Grabner W. Evidence for antirheumatic effectiveness of Herba Urticae dioicae in acute arthritis: A pilot study. Phytomedicine 1997;4(2):105-108.
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  • Chrubasik, J. E., Roufogalis, B. D., Wagner, H., and Chrubasik, S. A. A comprehensive review on nettle effect and efficacy profiles, Part I: herba urticae. Phytomedicine. 2007;14(6):423-435.
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  • Farzami B, Ahmadvand D, Vardasbi S, Majin FJ, Khaghani Sh. Induction of insulin secretion by a component of Urtica dioica leave extract in perifused Islets of Langerhans and its in vivo effects in normal and streptozotocin diabetic rats. J Ethnopharmacol. 2003;89(1):47-53.
  • Fischer M and Wilbert D. [Efficacy testing of a phytopharmacon in the treatment of benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH)]. In: Rutishauser G. Benigne Prostatahyperplasie. Munchen: Zuckerscherdt;1992.
  • Francois, K. O., Auwerx, J., Schols, D., and Balzarini, J. Simian immunodeficiency virus is susceptible to inhibition by carbohydrate-binding agents in a manner similar to that of HIV: implications for further preclinical drug development. Mol.Pharmacol. 2008;74(2):330-337.
  • Gansser D and Spiteller G. Aromatase inhibitors from Urtica dioica roots. Planta Medica 1995;61:138-140.
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  • Hallwachs, O. [Urination disorders caused by prostatic hyperplasia. Effect of Bazoton, Harzol and Prosta-capsules]. MMW.Munch.Med Wochenschr. 10-30-1981;123(44):1675-1676.
  • Hartmann RW, Mark M, and Soldati F. Inhibition of a 5 a-reductase and aromatase by PHL-00801 (Prostatonin®), a combination of PY102 (Pygeum africanum) and UR 102 (Urtica dioica) extracts. Phytomedicine 1996;3(2):121-128.
  • Hill, N., Stam, C., and van Haselen, R. A. The efficacy of Prrrikweg gel in the treatment of insect bites: a double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial. Pharm World Sci 1996;18(1):35-41.
  • Hill, N., Stam, C., Tuinder, S., and van Haselen, R. A. A placebo controlled clinical trial investigating the efficacy of a homeopathic after-bite gel in reducing mosquito bite induced erythema. Eur J Clin Pharmacol 1995;49(1-2):103-108.
  • Hirano, T., Homma, M., and Oka, K. Effects of stinging nettle root extracts and their steroidal components on the Na+,K(+)-ATPase of the benign prostatic hyperplasia. Planta Med 1994;60(1):30-33.
  • Hryb, D. J., Khan, M. S., Romas, N. A., and Rosner, W. The effect of extracts of the roots of the stinging nettle (Urtica dioica) on the interaction of SHBG with its receptor on human prostatic membranes. Planta Med 1995;61(1):31-32.
  • Huber, R., Bross, F., Schempp, C., and Grundemann, C. Arnica and stinging nettle for treating burns – a self-experiment. Complement Ther.Med. 2011;19(5):276-280.
  • Jacquet, A., Girodet, P. O., Pariente, A., Forest, K., Mallet, L., and Moore, N. Phytalgic, a food supplement, vs placebo in patients with osteoarthritis of the knee or hip: a randomised double-blind placebo-controlled clinical trial. Arthritis Res.Ther. 2009;11(6):R192.
  • Kassen A, Berges R, Senge T, et al. Effect of beta-sitosterol on transforming growth factor-beta-1 expression and translocation protein kinase C alpha in human prostate stromal cells in vitro. Eur Urol 2000;37:735-41.
  • Khalili N, Fereydoonzadeh R, Mohtashami R, Mehrzadi S, Heydari M, Huseini F. Silymarin, Olibanum, and Nettle, a mixed herbal formulation in the treatment of Type II Diabetes: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, clinical trial. J Evid Based Complementary Altern Med. 2017 Oct;22(4):603-608.
  • Khosravi MH, Atefi A, Mehri A, et al. Therapeutic effects of Rosa canina, Urtica dioica and Tanacetum vulgare herbal combination in treatment of tinnitus symptoms: A double-blind randomised clinical trial. Clin Otolaryngol 2022.
  • Kianbakht S, Khalighi-Sigaroodi F, Dabaghian FH. Improved glycemic control in patients with advanced type 2 diabetes mellitus taking Urtica dioica leaf extract: a randomized double-blind placebo-controlled clinical trial. Clin. Lab. 2013;59:1071-1076.
  • Klingelhoefer, S., Obertreis, B., Quast, S., and Behnke, B. Antirheumatic effect of IDS 23, a stinging nettle leaf extract, on in vitro expression of T helper cytokines. J Rheumatol. 1999;26(12):2517-2522.
  • Koch, E. Extracts from Fruits of Saw Palmetto (Sabal serrulata) and Roots of Stinging Nettle (Urtica dioica): Viable Alternatives in the Medical Treatment of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia and Associated Lower Urinary Tracts Symptoms. Planta Med 2001;67(6):489-500.
  • Konieczynski, P. and Wesolowski, M. Water-extractable magnesium, manganese and copper in leaves and herbs of medicinal plants. Acta Pol.Pharm. 2012;69(1):33-39.
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  • Lopatkin, N. A., Sivkov, A. V., Medvedev, A. A., Walter, K., Schlefke, S., Avdeichuk, IuI, Golubev, G. V., Mel’nik, K. P., Elenberger, N. A., and Engelman, U. [Combined extract of Sabal palm and nettle in the treatment of patients with lower urinary tract symptoms in double blind, placebo-controlled trial]. Urologiia. 2006;(2):12, 14-12, 19.
  • Lopatkin, N. A., Sivkov, A. V., Schlafke, S., Funk, P., Medvedev, A., and Engelmann, U. Efficacy and safety of a combination of Sabal and Urtica extract in lower urinary tract symptoms–long-term follow-up of a placebo-controlled, double-blind, multicenter trial. Int.Urol.Nephrol. 2007;39(4):1137-1146.
  • Luczaj, L. and Szymanski, W. M. Wild vascular plants gathered for consumption in the Polish countryside: a review. J.Ethnobiol.Ethnomed. 2007;3:17.
  • Maor D, Little M. Skin contact with a stinging tree requiring intensive care unit admission. Contact Dermatitis. 2017 Nov;77(5):335-37.
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  • Mills S, Bone K. Principles and Practice of Phytotherapy. London: Churchill Livingstone, 2000.
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  • More M, Gruenwald J, Pohl U, Uebelhack R. A Rosa canina – Urtica dioica – Harpagophytum procumbens/zeyheri combination significantly reduces gonarthritis symptoms in a randomized, placebo-controlled double-blind study. Planta Med. 2017 Dec;83(18):1384-91.
  • Najafipour F, Rahimi AO, Mobaseri M, Agamohamadzadeh N, Nikoo A, Aliasgharzadeh A. Therapeutic effects of stinging nettle (Urtica dioica) in women with hyperandrogenism. Int J Curr Res Aca Rev. 2014;2(7):153-160.
  • Namazi, N., Esfanjani, A. T., Heshmati, J., and Bahrami, A. The effect of hydro alcoholic Nettle (Urtica dioica) extracts on insulin sensitivity and some inflammatory indicators in patients with type 2 diabetes: a randomized double-blind control trial. Pak.J.Biol.Sci. 8-1-2011;14(15):775-779.
  • Obertreis, B., Ruttkowski, T., Teucher, T., Behnke, B., and Schmitz, H. Ex-vivo in-vitro inhibition of lipopolysaccharide stimulated tumor necrosis factor-alpha and interleukin-1 beta secretion in human whole blood by extractum urticae dioicae foliorum. Arzneimittelforschung 1996;46(4):389-394.
  • Oliver, F., Amon, E. U., Breathnach, A., Francis, D. M., Sarathchandra, P., Black, A. K., and Greaves, M. W. Contact urticaria due to the common stinging nettle (Urtica dioica)– histological, ultrastructural and pharmacological studies. Clin Exp Dermatol. 1991;16(1):1-7.
  • Onal S, Timur S, Okutucu B, Zihnioglu F. Inhibition of alpha-glucosidase by aqueous extracts of some potent antidiabetic medicinal herbs. Prep Biochem Biotechnol. 2005;35(1):29-36.
  • Patten G. Medicinal plant review: Urtica. Aust J Med Herbalism 1993;5(1):5-13.
  • Pavone, C., Abbadessa, D., Tarantino, M. L., Oxenius, I., Lagana, A., Lupo, A., and Rinella, M. [Associating Serenoa repens, Urtica dioica and Pinus pinaster. Safety and efficacy in the treatment of lower urinary tract symptoms. Prospective study on 320 patients]. Urologia. 2010;77(1):43-51.
  • Purnak, T., Ozaslan, E., Beyazit, Y., and Haznedaroglu, I. C. Upper gastrointestinal bleeding in a patient with defective hemostasis successfully treated with ankaferd blood stopper. Phytother.Res. 2011;25(2):312-313.
  • Randall C, Randall H, Dobbs F, et al. Randomized controlled trial of nettle sting for treatment of base-of-thumb pain. J R Soc Med 2000;93:305-9.
  • Randall, C. F. Stinging nettles for osteoarthritis pain of the hip. Br.J Gen.Pract. 1994;44(388):533-534.
  • Randall, C., Dickens, A., White, A., Sanders, H., Fox, M., and Campbell, J. Nettle sting for chronic knee pain: a randomised controlled pilot study. Complement Ther.Med. 2008;16(2):66-72.
  • Randall, C., Meethan, K., Randall, H., and Dobbs, F. Nettle sting of Urtica dioica for joint pain–an exploratory study of this complementary therapy. Complement Ther Med 1999;7(3):126-131.
  • Rau O, Wurglics M, Dingermann T, Abdel-Tawab M, Schubert-Zsilavecz M. Screening of herbal extracts for activation of the human peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor. Pharmazie. 2006;61(11):952-6.
  • Rayburn, K., Fleischbein, E., Song, J., Allen, B., Kundert, M., Leiter, C., and Bush, T. Stinging nettle cream for osteoarthritis. Altern.Ther.Health Med. 2009;15(4):60-61.
  • Rhodes, L., Primka, R. L., Berman, C., Vergult, G., Gabriel, M., Pierre-Malice, M., and Gibelin, B. Comparison of finasteride (Proscar), a 5 alpha reductase inhibitor, and various commercial plant extracts in in vitro and in vivo 5 alpha reductase inhibition. Prostate 1993;22(1):43-51.
  • Riehemann, K., Behnke, B., and Schulze-Osthoff, K. Plant extracts from stinging nettle (Urtica dioica), an antirheumatic remedy, inhibit the proinflammatory transcription factor NF-kB. FEBS Lett 1-8-1999;442(1):89-94.
  • Safarinejad, M. R. Urtica dioica for treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia: a prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover study. J.Herb.Pharmacother. 2005;5(4):1-11.
  • Sahin, M., Yilmaz, H., Gursoy, A., Demirel, A. N., Tutuncu, N. B., and Guvener, N. D. Gynaecomastia in a man and hyperoestrogenism in a woman due to ingestion of nettle (Urtica dioica). N.Z.Med.J. 2007;120(1265):U2803.
  • Schneider H, Honold E, and Masuhr T. Treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia with a combination plant preparation. Results of an observational study of sabal extract WS 1473 and Urtica extract WS 1031 in the offices of urologists. Fortschr Med 1995;113(3):37-40.
  • Schneider, T. and Rubben, H. [Stinging nettle root extract (Bazoton-uno) in long term treatment of benign prostatic syndrome (BPS). Results of a randomized, double-blind, placebo controlled multicenter study after 12 months]. Urologe A 2004;43(3):302-306.
  • Schottner M, Gansser D, Spiteller G, et al. Lignans from the roots of Urtica dioica and their metabolites bind to human sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG). Planta Med 1997;63:529-32.
  • Schöttner M, Spiteller G, Gansser D. Lignans Interfering with 5alpha-dihydrotestosterone binding to human sex hormone-binding globulin. J Nat Prod. 1998;61(1):119-21.
  • Simões-Pires CA, Hmicha B, Marston A, Hostettmann K. A TLC bioautographic method for the detection of alpha- and beta-glucosidase inhibitors in plant extracts. Phytochem Anal. 2009;20(6):511-5.
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  • Tahri, A., Yamani, S., Legssyer, A., Aziz, M., Mekhfi, H., Bnouham, M., and Ziyyat, A. Acute diuretic, natriuretic and hypotensive effects of a continuous perfusion of aqueous extract of Urtica dioica in the rat. J Ethnopharmacol 2000;73(1-2):95-100.
  • Van der Weijden, G. A., Timmer, C. J., Timmerman, M. F., Reijerse, E., Mantel, M. S., and van, der, V. The effect of herbal extracts in an experimental mouthrinse on established plaque and gingivitis. J Clin Periodontol. 1998;25(5):399-403.
  • Van Parijs J, Broekaert WF, and Peumans WJ. Urtica dioica agglutinin: a plant lectin with antifungal properties. Archives Internationales de Physiologie et de Biochimie 1988;96(1):31.
  • Vontobel HP, Herzog R, Rutishauser G, Kres H. [Results of a double-blind study on the effectiveness of ERU (extractum radicis Urticae) capsules in conservative treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia]. (Abstract). Urologe A 1985;24:49-51.
  • Wagner H, Geiger WN, Boos G, and et al. Studies on the binding of Urtica dioica agglutinin (UDA) and other lectins in an in vitro epidermal growth factor receptor test. Phytomedicine 1995;4:287-290.
  • Wagner H, Willer F, Samtleben R, and et al. Search for the antiprostatic principle of stinging nettle (Urtica dioica) roots. Phytomedicine 1994;1:213-224.
  • Younger J, Donovan EK, Hodgin KS, Ness TJ. A placebo-controlled, pseudo-randomized, crossover trial of botanical agents for Gulf war illness: Reishi mushroom (Ganoderma lucidum), stinging nettle (Urtica dioica), and Epimedium (Epimedium sagittatum). Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021;18(7):3671.
  • Ziaei R, Foshati S, Hadi A, et al. The effect of nettle (Urtica dioica) supplementation on the glycemic control of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Phytother Res 2020;34(2):282-94.

Peppermint

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  • Akdogan M, Ozguner M, Aydin G, Gokalp O. Investigation of biochemical and histopathological effects of Mentha piperita Labiatae and Mentha spicata Labiatae on liver tissue in rats. Hum Exp Toxicol 2004;23:21-8
  • Akdogan M, Ozguner M, Kocak A, et al. Effects of peppermint teas on plasma testosterone, follicle-stimulating hormone, and luteinizing hormone levels and testicular tissue in rats. Urology 2004;64:394-8.
  • Akdogan, M., Gultekin, F., and Yontem, M. Effect of Mentha piperita (Labiatae) and Mentha spicata (Labiatae) on iron absorption in rats. Toxicol Ind Health 2004;20(6-10):119-122.
  • Anderson LA, Gross JB. Aromatherapy with peppermint, isopropyl alcohol, or placebo is equally effective in relieving postoperative nausea. J Perianesth Nurs 2004;19:29-35.
  • Ardakani MT, Ghassemi S, Mehdizadeh M, et al. Evaluating the effect of Matricaria recutita and Mentha piperita herbal mouthwash on management of oral mucositis in patients undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation: A randomized, double blind, placebo controlled clinical trial. Complement Ther Med 2016;29:29-34.
  • Barker, S., Grayhem, P., Koon, J., Perkins, J., Whalen, A., and Raudenbush, B. Improved performance on clerical tasks associated with administration of peppermint odor. Percept Mot Skills 2003;97(3 Pt 1):1007-1010.
  • Bayat R, Borici-Mazi R. A case of anaphylaxis to peppermint. Allergy Asthma Clin Immunol. 2014;10(1):6.
  • Begas E, Tsioutsiouliti A, Kouvaras E, et al. Effects of peppermint tea consumption on the activities of CYP1A2, CYP2A6, Xanthine Oxidase, N-acetyltranferase-2 and UDP-glucuronosyltransferases-1A1/1A6 in healthy volunteers. Food Chem Toxicol 2017;100:80-9.
  • Borhani, Haghighi A., Motazedian, S., Rezaii, R., Mohammadi, F., Salarian, L., Pourmokhtari, M., Khodaei, S., Vossoughi, M., and Miri, R. Cutaneous application of menthol 10% solution as an abortive treatment of migraine without aura: a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossed-over study. Int J Clin Pract 2010;64(4):451-456.
  • Chang, F. Y. and Lu, C. L. The clinical significances of irritable bowel syndrome in Taiwan. J Gastroenterol.Hepatol. 2011;26 Suppl 3:102-105.
  • Chang, F. Y. and Lu, C. L. Treatment of irritable bowel syndrome using complementary and alternative medicine. J Chin Med.Assoc. 2009;72(6):294-300.
  • Cohen, B. M. and Dressler, W. E. Acute aromatics inhalation modifies the airways. Effects of the common cold. Respiration 1982;43(4):285-293.
  • Dorman, H. J., Kosar, M., Baser, K. H., and Hiltunen, R. Phenolic profile and antioxidant evaluation of Mentha x piperita L. (peppermint) extracts. Nat Prod Commun. 2009;4(4):535-542.
  • Duband, F., Carnat, A. P., Carnat, A., Petitjean-Freytet, C., Clair, G., and Lamaison, J. L. [Aromatic and polyphenolic composition of infused peppermint, Mentha x piperita L.]. Ann.Pharm Fr. 1992;50(3):146-155.
  • Ebbinghaus K D. A ‘tea’ containing various plant products as adjuvant to chemotherapy of urinary tract infections. Therapiewoche 1985;35:2041-2051.
  • Eccles, R. and Jones, A. S. The effect of menthol on nasal resistance to air flow. J Laryngol Otol 1983;97(8):705-709.
  • Eccles, R., Griffiths, D. H., Newton, C. G., and Tolley, N. S. The effects of D and L isomers of menthol upon nasal sensation of airflow. J Laryngol Otol 1988;102(6):506-508.
  • Enck, P., Junne, F., Klosterhalfen, S., Zipfel, S., and Martens, U. Therapy options in irritable bowel syndrome. Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol 2010;22(12):1402-1411.
  • Fecka, I. and Turek, S. Determination of water-soluble polyphenolic compounds in commercial herbal teas from Lamiaceae: peppermint, melissa, and sage. J Agric.Food Chem 12-26-2007;55(26):10908-10917.
  • Gelal, A., Jacob, P., III, Yu, L., and Benowitz, N. L. Disposition kinetics and effects of menthol. Clin Pharmacol Ther 1999;66(2):128-135.
  • Geuenich, S., Goffinet, C., Venzke, S., Nolkemper, S., Baumann, I., Plinkert, P., Reichling, J., and Keppler, O. T. Aqueous extracts from peppermint, sage and lemon balm leaves display potent anti-HIV-1 activity by increasing the virion density. Retrovirology. 2008;5:27.
  • Gherman, C., Culea, M., and Cozar, O. Comparative analysis of some active principles of herb plants by GC/MS. Talanta 10-2-2000;53(1):253-262.
  • Gobel H, Fresenius J, Heinze A, et al. [Effectiveness of Oleum menthae piperitae and paracetamol in therapy of headache of the tension type]. Nervenarzt 1996;67:672-81.
  • Green, B. G. Menthol modulates oral sensations of warmth and cold. Physiol Behav 1985;35(3):427-434.
  • Han JY, Moosvi Z, Duh E, Park S, Albers GC, Samarasena JB, Karnes W. Oral IB Gard Before Colonoscopy: A Single-Center Double-Blinded, Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Trial. Dig Dis Sci. 2020.
  • Hiki, N., Kaminishi, M., Hasunuma, T., Nakamura, M., Nomura, S., Yahagi, N., Tajiri, H., and Suzuki, H. A phase I study evaluating tolerability, pharmacokinetics, and preliminary efficacy of L-menthol in upper gastrointestinal endoscopy. Clin Pharmacol Ther 2011;90(2):221-228.
  • Hiki, N., Kaminishi, M., Yasuda, K., Uedo, N., Kobari, M., Sakai, T., Hiratsuka, T., Ohno, K., Honjo, H., Nomura, S., Yahagi, N., Tajiri, H., and Suzuki, H. Multicenter phase II randomized study evaluating dose-response of antiperistaltic effect of L-menthol sprayed onto the gastric mucosa for upper gastrointestinal endoscopy. Dig Endosc 2012;24(2):79-86.
  • Hiki, N., Kurosaka, H., Tatsutomi, Y., Shimoyama, S., Tsuji, E., Kojima, J., Shimizu, N., Ono, H., Hirooka, T., Noguchi, C., Mafune, K., and Kaminishi, M. Peppermint oil reduces gastric spasm during upper endoscopy: a randomized, double-blind, double-dummy controlled trial. Gastrointest Endosc 2003;57(4):475-482.
  • Hines, S., Steels, E., Chang, A., and Gibbons, K. Aromatherapy for treatment of postoperative nausea and vomiting. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2012;4:CD007598.
  • Ho, C. and Spence, C. Olfactory facilitation of dual-task performance. Neurosci.Lett. 11-25-2005;389(1):35-40.
  • Holtmann G, Madisch A, Juergen H, et al. A double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial on the effects of an herbal preparation in patients with functional dyspepsia [Abstract]. Ann Mtg Digestive Disease Week 1999 May.
  • Holtmann, G., Madisch, A., and Juergen, H. A double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial on the effects of an herbal preparation in patients with functional dyspepsia [Abstract]. Ann Mtg Digestive Disease Week 1999;
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  • Spirling, L. I. and Daniels, I. R. Botanical perspectives on health peppermint: more than just an after-dinner mint. J R.Soc.Promot.Health 2001;121(1):62-63.
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Rosemary

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  • Angioni, A., Barra, A., Cereti, E., Barile, D., Coisson, J. D., Arlorio, M., Dessi, S., Coroneo, V., and Cabras, P. chemical composition, plant genetic differences, antimicrobial and antifungal activity investigation of the essential oil of Rosmarinus officinalis L. J Agric.Food Chem 6-2-2004;52(11):3530-3535.
  • Aruoma, O. I. Antioxidant actions of plant foods: use of oxidative DNA damage as a tool for studying antioxidant efficacy. Free Radic.Res 1999;30(6):419-427.
  • Aruoma, O. I., Halliwell, B., Aeschbach, R., and Loligers, J. Antioxidant and pro-oxidant properties of active rosemary constituents: carnosol and carnosic acid. Xenobiotica 1992;22(2):257-268.
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  • Baylac, S. and Racine, P. Inhibition of human leukocyte elastase by natural fragrant extracts of aromatic plants. Int J Aromatherapy 2004;14(4):179-182.
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  • Cartier LC, Lehrer A, Malo JL. Occupational asthma caused by aromatic herbs. Allergy 1996;51:647-9.
  • Cervellati, R., Renzulli, C., Guerra, M. C., and Speroni, E. Evaluation of antioxidant activity of some natural polyphenolic compounds using the Briggs-Rauscher reaction method. J Agric.Food Chem. 12-18-2002;50(26):7504-7509.
  • Cheung, S. and Tai, J. Anti-proliferative and antioxidant properties of rosemary Rosmarinus officinalis. Oncol.Rep. 2007;17(6):1525-1531.
  • Chohan, M., Forster-Wilkins, G., and Opara, E. I. Determination of the antioxidant capacity of culinary herbs subjected to various cooking and storage processes using the ABTS(*+) radical cation assay. Plant Foods Hum.Nutr. 2008;63(2):47-52.
  • Debersac P, Heydel JM, Amiot MJ, et al. Induction of cytochrome P450 and/or detoxication enzymes by various extracts of rosemary: description of specific patterns. Food Chem Toxicol 2001;39(9):907-18.
  • Debersac P, Vernevaut MF, Amiot MJ, et al. Effects of a water-soluble extract of rosemary and its purified component rosmarinic acid on xenobiotic-metabolizing enzymes in rat liver. Food Chem Toxicol 2001;39(2):109-17.
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  • Dragan, S., Nicola, T., Ilina, R., Ursoniu, S., Kimar, A., Nimade, S., and Nicola, T. Role of multi-component functional foods in the complex treatment of patients with advanced breast cancer. Rev.Med.Chir Soc.Med.Nat.Iasi 2007;111(4):877-884.
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  • Elgayyar, M., Draughon, F. A., Golden, D. A., and Mount, J. R. Antimicrobial activity of essential oils from plants against selected pathogenic and saprophytic microorganisms. J Food Prot. 2001;64(7):1019-1024.
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  • Foster S, Tyler VE. Tyler’s Honest Herbal, 4th ed., Binghamton, NY: Haworth Herbal Press, 1999.
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  • Fuchs, S. M., Schliemann-Willers, S., Fischer, T. W., and Elsner, P. Protective effects of different marigold (Calendula officinalis L.) and rosemary cream preparations against sodium-lauryl-sulfate-induced irritant contact dermatitis. Skin Pharmacol.Physiol 2005;18(4):195-200.
  • Geoffroy, M., Lambelet, P., and Richert, P. Radical intermediates and antioxidants: an ESR study of radicals formed on carnosic acid in the presence of oxidized lipids. Free Radic.Res 1994;21(4):247-258.
  • Giordani R, Regli P, Kaloustian J, et al. Antifungal effect of various essential oils against Candida albicans. Potentiation of antifungal action of amphotericin B by essential oil from Thymus vulgaris. Phytother Res 2004;18:990-5.
  • Gonzalez-Trujano, M. E., Pena, E. I., Martinez, A. L., Moreno, J., Guevara-Fefer, P., Deciga-Campos, M., and Lopez-Munoz, F. J. Evaluation of the antinociceptive effect of Rosmarinus officinalis L. using three different experimental models in rodents. J Ethnopharmacol 5-22-2007;111(3):476-482.
  • Gutierrez, R., Alvarado, J. L., Presno, M., Perez-Veyna, O., Serrano, C. J., and Yahuaca, P. Oxidative stress modulation by Rosmarinus officinalis in CCl(4)-induced liver cirrhosis. Phytother.Res 10-13-2009.
  • Harach, T., Aprikian, O., Monnard, I., Moulin, J., Membrez, M., Beolor, J. C., Raab, T., Mace, K., and Darimont, C. Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis L.) Leaf Extract Limits Weight Gain and Liver Steatosis in Mice Fed a High-Fat Diet. Planta Med 11-16-2009.
  • Haraguchi, H., Saito, T., Okamura, N., and Yagi, A. Inhibition of lipid peroxidation and superoxide generation by diterpenoids from Rosmarinus officinalis. Planta Med 1995;61(4):333-336.
  • Hay IC, Jamieson M, Ormerod AD. Randomized trial of aromatherapy. Successful treatment for alopecia areata. Arch Dermatol 1998;134:1349-52.
  • Hoefler, C., Fleurentin, J., Mortier, F., Pelt, J. M., and Guillemain, J. Comparative choleretic and hepatoprotective properties of young sprouts and total plant extracts of Rosmarinus officinalis in rats. J Ethnopharmacol 1987;19(2):133-143.
  • Huang, M. T., Ho, C. T., Wang, Z. Y., Ferraro, T., Lou, Y. R., Stauber, K., Ma, W., Georgiadis, C., Laskin, J. D., and Conney, A. H. Inhibition of skin tumorigenesis by rosemary and its constituents carnosol and ursolic acid. Cancer Res 2-1-1994;54(3):701-708.
  • Huang, S. C., Ho, C. T., Lin-Shiau, S. Y., and Lin, J. K. Carnosol inhibits the invasion of B16/F10 mouse melanoma cells by suppressing metalloproteinase-9 through down-regulating nuclear factor-kappa B and c-Jun. Biochem Pharmacol 1-15-2005;69(2):221-232.
  • Inoue, K., Takano, H., Shiga, A., Fujita, Y., Makino, H., Yanagisawa, R., Ichinose, T., Kato, Y., Yamada, T., and Yoshikawa, T. Effects of volatile constituents of a rosemary extract on allergic airway inflammation related to house dust mite allergen in mice. Int J Mol.Med 2005;16(2):315-319.
  • Kim MA, Sakong JK, Kim EJ, et al. [Effect of aromatherapy massage for the relief of constipation in the elderly]. Taehan Kanho Hakhoe Chi 2005;35(1):56-64.
  • Kim, M. J., Nam, E. S., and Paik, S. I. [The effects of aromatherapy on pain, depression, and life satisfaction of arthritis patients]. Taehan Kanho.Hakhoe.Chi 2005;35(1):186-194.
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